Evidence of this could be seen from the Harappan artefacts like pottery, seals, weights and bricks. From this, one can imagine that the people of Harappan civilisation also ate flesh and meat. Which evidences give us information about Harappan civilisation ? (iv) There were signs of planning like bricks, sun-dried or … 4. 15. He In the case of Harappan culture, these distinctive objects include beads, seals, stone blades, weights, baked bricks, etc. Explain the reasons. They were also proficient in making public currency (seals made of mud) and sculpture. There were many kinds of houses which were made of bricks. It is to these remains that the lane owes its name. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 history part 1, part 2, part 3, includes all the questions provided in NCERT Books for 12th Class history Subject. Discuss in detail about the town planning of Indus Valley Civilisation. The people of the Harappan civilisation considered water as pious and sacred. (a) Those on which another smaller stone was pushed or rolled to and fro. There is also a well nearby. Harappan people had contacts with distinct lands. The following four factors of the Indus Valley Civilisation can still be seen in Indian society : Question 29. With which countries did Harappan people have trading contacts? Question 4. (C.B.S.E. It indicated the belief that these could be used in Classifying Finds: The general theory of classification is in terms of materials like clay, stone, bone, metal, ivory, etc. Answer : 2 (Rajasthan) 1. In 1921, at the Harappan site, this culture was first discovered. Or Answer: But ritual practices of Harappans have not been well understood yet. Jan 15, 2021 - Short Questions with Answers - Bricks, Beads and Bones Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Humanities/Arts. 2013 (D)) One section of this city was small. Nageshwar and Balakot both were situated near the sea coast. There was a proper arrangement of the disposal of wastewater. As you can see, a careful re-examination of the data can sometimes lead to a reversal of earlier interpretations. equal status. Floods: Some scholars believe that many towns of the Harappan civilisation were destroyed because of the floods in the Indus River. Two methods of procuring materials for craft production :- 1. Some doors had bolts of iron. Answer: Question 21. Alexander Cunningham. (C.B.S.EJ 2011 (O.D.)) The shifting of the path or drying up of rivers. The second section was large but it was at a lower place. Answer: A distinctive type of vessel, coated with the thick layer of black clay, has been found at Omani sites. Briefly describe the stage of classification of discoveries in reconstructing the past. The streets were 4 to 7 feet in width. Learn new and interesting things. This civilisation is dated between C. 2600 and 1900 B.C.E. It was known as the “Sindhu River Basin Culture”. At Shortugai in Afghanistan. Question 5. Ancient Authority: There are indications of complex decisions being taken and their implementation in Harappan society. Answer: Here Meluhha may mean the Harappan region. According to archaeologists, the following were the features of Harappan society : Mark major sites of this civilization on a map of India and Pakistan. Class 12th History: Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation Important Question NDJ Tuition 12:37 Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS Ques. It is rectangular and has twenty pillars. Toll Free No. Various scholars have given different dates about this period. House drains first emptied into a sump or cesspit into which solid matter settled while wastewater flowed out into the street drains. Answer: There is a mention of Meluhha in Mesopotamian texts, which was probably the Harappan region. It means all the artefacts, found from the same unit, were grouped together. (a) The skeleton found at the site did not belong to that period. Would you agree that the drainage system of the Harappan cities indicates town-planning? 2013(D)) Which town of Indus Valley Civilization was flooded and destroyed more Describe the basis on which Archaeologists identified the centres of craft production in the Harappan Culture. They earned their livelihood through these professions. From many Harappan sites, charred grains and seeds have also been found. Describe briefly the most distinctive feature of urban centres of Harappa. These solutions consist of answers to all the important questions … Question 11. (C.B.S.E. 3. Answer: Explain the extent of the Harrappan civilization. Question 9. These drains are of Harappan culture. Six citadels have been found in Harappa. It was three to six feet wide. Question 5. 2. Describe the opinions of the archaeologists over the central authority of the Harappan Civilisation. The culture of which region has been named as Ganeshwar-Jodhpur culture by the archaeologists? With the passage of time, they were buried beneath the sands of time. The size of the small houses was 30 × 27 feet. These seals were definitely much older than early historic levels. 3. It was covered with such bricks which could be removed for the purpose of sanitation. Give reasons for your answer. C. Both A and B. D. None of these. Confusion of Cunningham. It may also have been written on some perishable material. The second section was the lower town. Two main types have been found: those on which another smaller stone was pushed or rolled to and fro, and others with which a second stone was used as a pounder, eventually making a large cavity in the nether stone. to locate early settlements. No such evidence has been found in Punjab and Sindh. On which objects, writing has been found from Harappan sites ? Answer: The towns traded among themselves. Describe how did the archaeologists “.classify their finds. These buildings did not have any windows in the walls along with the ground level. List the items of food available to people in Harappan cities. The main purpose of this planning was to keep the cities beautiful. Question 3. Question 9. Describe the contribution of Sir 1 John Marshall, Director-General of the A.S.I. Width of the Roads and Streets: All the roads of the Indus Valley were quite wide. They were used to grind cereals. Also after the chapter you can get links to Class 12 History Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers, etc. The harappan script is undeciphered till today due to which we are still unable to attain information about ancient civilisation. Answer: Practice Strategies for Enhancement sample question paper to score high in school board exams. It has been shown seated cross-legged in a ‘Yogic’ posture, sometimes surrounded by animals. The archaeologists has named the first section as Citadel and the second section as the Lower Town. How did the Harappans’ obtain the red colour of carnelian? Grains found at Harappan sites include wheat, barley, lentil, chickpea and sesame. It could be made into various shapes. This culture has been given the name of Harappan culture because Harappa was the first site where this unquestioned culture was discovered. Ans. Carnelian, jasper, crystal, quartz, steatite, copper, bronze, gold, shell, faience, terracotta. The study materials are created by our subject matter experts who have years of experience in creating and setting challenging CBSE Class 12 papers for the Humanities subject. Even today many people find the abode of Gods and Goddesses in peepal and other such trees. 2018) The historians estimate that perhaps this building was used to store food grains. Answer: 1. Enumerate two distinct characteristics of this culture. These bricks were flat, round and of big size. Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones (The Harappan Civilization) learncbse.in 1 – 2 Marks Questions Question 1. Who was John Marshall? Across a lane to the north, there was a smaller building with eight bathrooms. Mention specifically the contribution of Sir John Marshall. 2013 (D)) FROM JOHN MARSHALL, Mohenjodaro and the Indus Civilisation, 1931. Answer: Recent archaeological finds suggest that Harappan civilisation had contacts with distant lands. (iii) Who did he consider responsible for the large-scale destruction in Mohenjodaro and why? The Great Bath was a large rectangular tank in a courtyard surrounded by a carridor on all four sides. In 1921, at the Harappan site, this culture was first discovered. The greatest merit of these towns was that they were developed keeping in mind the rules concerning the health and sanitation. The main reason of this contact was an exchange of goods. Or 14. Or Name two cities which were first to be found in Indus valley civilisation. Artefacts are generally classified into useful and luxurious things. Kalibangan is located at. Harappan settlements were divided into two sections. The main drain was made of mud and bricks. Many times smaller objects were made by using larger waste pieces, but minuscule bits were generally left in the Question 27. Question 13. querns of the former type were probably used solely for grain; the second type possibly only for pounding herbs and spices for making curries. But generally, most of the people did not believe, in burying precious things with the dead. The second section was large but it was at a lower place. This document is highly rated by Class 12 students and has been viewed 14313 times. Even today, such worship is prevalent among the Hindus. Identify the groups who would have provided these. (ii) He helped in the preservation or conservation of Sanchi Stupa. (C.B.S.E. They established settlements … These days all such animals are considered as the carriers of different Gods and Goddesses. The economic life of the people of Indus Valley (Harappa) was based on many trades and professions. Discuss the main ‘characteristics of the planned urban centres of the Harappan civilisation. Question 18. Class 12 - History - Bricks, Beads and Bones . Answer: 2011 (D)) 5. 2013 (O.D.)) It was so because, like many others, he too believed that Indian history began with the first cities in the Ganga valley. Question 19. Question 32 Extramarks offers NCERT solutions for chapter Bricks, Beads & Bones of CBSE Class 12. Processing of food required grinding equipment as well as vessels for mixing, blending and cooking. How did architectural features of  Mohenjodaro indicate planning? One section of this city was small. What was the Great Bath? Question 9. They were found from the areas of Jammu, Afghanistan, Gujarat and Baluchistan (Pakistan). (C.B.S.E. 2019 (Comp.)) He wrote: The Rigveda mentions pure, meaning rampant, fort or stronghold. This system was essential to keep the city neat and clean. For example, once one British gave a Harappan seal to Cunningham. Two features of Harappan settlements are: Question 34. Discuss the terms, places and times of Harappan culture. 3. Share yours for free! Many are downloadable. Answer: It was called the Deadman’s Lane because the following things were discovered in it: The little pots of faience were probably considered precious because it was very difficult to make them. Relate any four factors of Indus Valley civilisation or Harappan culture which are still visible in the Indian society. Well-planned Roads and Streets: All the roads and streets of the Indus Valley were developed under a plan. Answer: (C.B.S.E. Children were provided with different types of toys. Their homes, roads and streets – all indicate that no ancient civilisation has reached near the well-planned townships of the Indus Valley. How can you say that Harappan people liked cleanliness ? Question 3. “An understanding of the function of an artefact is often shaped I by its resemblance with present-day things.” Support your answer with suitable evidence. The citadel, the only fortified part of the city, yielded no evidence of the final defence. Following points indicate towards the Harappan people’s interest in cleanliness: Question 25. There was a road which was even wider than 36 feet. (C.B.S.E. Answer: Now their significance began to be realised. But at most of the These question will make you to score better in your competitive exams. Its walls are wide and strong. (C.B.S.E. Worshipping Trees and Animals: One seal found here, depicts one God between the branches of ‘Peepal’ tree which shows that people of Indus region worshipped trees as well. In other words, the drainage system was an integral part of the town-planning. Answer 2012 (O.D.)) It seems as if the streets along with the drains were laid out first. Answer: Who was Cunningham? There was a bathroom in almost every house. (iii) What are its two kinds? (e) The fort does not provide any evidence of the final defence. Describe briefly how seals of Harappan period help in reconstructing their religious beliefs. Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones (The Harappan Civilization) learncbse.in 1 – 2 Marks Questions Question 1. Who was John Marshall? The people of the Indus Valley Civilisation used many kinds of bricks in the construction of their houses. Who was Cunningham? Here the dead have been laid in pits. Some other archaeologists feel that there was no single ruler but there were several rulers. The saddle querns have been found in large numbers at Mohenjodaro. On the other hand, the burials of Harappa are concerned with the common people. 1. (d) Many houses had wells which were often used by raahgirs (travellers). Explain the main characteristics of the burials of the Harappan civilisation. 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