The journalists heard that Croves had indeed been the German revolutionary named Ret Marut in his youth, which reconciled both the adherents of the theory of the Americanness and the proponents of the hypothesis about the Germanness of the writer. Doubts about Aslan Norval remain and exacerbate the problems of the writer's identity and the true authorship of his books. B. TRAVEN, author of more than a dozen novels and collections of short stories, was one of the most mysterious figures of 20th-century fiction. Evidence suggests that he was born Otto Feige in Schlewsig-Holstein and that he escaped a death sentence for his involvement with the anarchist underground in Bavaria. [7], The figure of Gerald Gales returned in Traven's next book, The Bridge in the Jungle (Die Brücke im Dschungel), which was serialized in Vorwärts in 1927 and published in an extended book form in 1929. [6], The writer with the pen name B. Traven appeared on the German literary scene in 1925, when the Berlin daily Vorwärts, the organ of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, published the first short story signed with this pseudonym on 28 February. Adapted by Huston from an obscure novel by the mysterious, reclusive writer B. Traven and shot on location in Mexico, it starred Bogart in the decidedly unheroic role of a paranoid prospector, Fred C. Dobbs. Marut also became politically engaged when, in 1917, he launched the periodical Der Ziegelbrenner (The Brick Burner) with a clearly anarchistic profile (its last issue appeared in 1921). The above hypotheses, identifying B. Traven with Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan, Ret Marut and possibly Otto Feige, are not the only ones concerning the writer's identity that have appeared since the mid-1920s. In the late 1970s, two BBC journalists, Will Wyatt and Robert Robinson, decided to investigate this matter. Marut's name is on the list of the crew members of the Norwegian ship Hegre, which sailed from London to the Canary Islands on 19 April 1924; the name is, however, crossed out, which could imply that Marut did not take part in the voyage in the end. In 1918, Linn A(ble) E(aton) Gale (1892–1940) and his wife Magdalena E. Gale fled from New York to Mexico City. 11 [2][3] Marut is thought to have operated under the "B. Traven" pseudonym, although no details are known about Marut's life before 1912, and many hold that "Ret Marut" was in fact also a pseudonym.[4][5]. [13], A solution to this riddle was proposed by the Swiss researcher Max Schmid, who put forward the so-called Erlebnisträger ("experience carrier") hypothesis in a series of eight articles published in the Zurich daily Tages-Anzeiger at the end of 1963 and the beginning of 1964. [13], In the meantime, Hal Croves, who had disappeared after shooting the film The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, appeared on the literary scene in Acapulco again. In 1933, the writer sent the English manuscripts of his three novels – The Death Ship, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre and The Bridge in the Jungle – to the New York City publishing house Alfred A. Knopf for publication, claiming that these were the original versions of the novels and that the earlier published German versions were only translations of them. Is B. Traven actually Moritz Rathenau, half-brother of Walther Rathenau? The book was only accepted after its thorough stylistic editing by Johannes Schönherr who adapted its language to the "Traven style". Such attempts ended without success also in the 1960s. After the wedding, they moved to Mexico City, where they ran the Literary Agency R.E. 8 Author:B Traven Publisher:Diogenes Verlag AG Series:Diogenes Taschenbücher Publication date:2016-02-01 Pages:326 Product dimensions:113mm (w) x 180mm (h) x 24mm (d) About Wordery Wordery is one of the UK's largest online booksellers. Croves showed an alleged power of attorney from Traven, in which the writer authorized him to decide on everything in connection with the filming of the novel on his behalf. [19] In the opinion of Wyatt and Robinson, the version presented by Marut to the police was true – B. Traven was born as Otto Feige in Schwiebus (modern-day Świebodzin) and only later changed his name to Ret Marut, his stage name Marut being the anagram of traum (dream in German). Der politische Schriftsteller B. Traven (SWR Radio broadcast and its transcript)", "LINN GALE OFFERS TO INFORM ON REDS; Political Prisoner Is Said to Be Willing to Aid Government if Freed.REPUDIATES OLD BELIEFS American Civil Liberties Union Rejects Pleas of Radicals to Defend Him", B. Traven versteckt sich in Acapulco –, "Die Revolution findet im Roman statt. Der politische Schriftsteller B. Traven", "B. Traven: ein deutsch-mexikanischer Mythos", "His Widow Reveals Much Of Who B. Traven Really Was", The Death Ship: The Story of an American Sailor,, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from July 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This information was provided by Traven’s translator Esperanza López Mateos, who had a close relationship with B. Traven and addressed him as "Mauricio". Notable illustrations of works by B. Traven, James Goldwasser (1993), "Ret Marut: the Early B. Traven" in, The writer also expressed this thought in another famous quotation: "If one cannot get to know the human through his works, then either the human is worthless, or his works are worthless." [18] The journalists gained access to Ret Marut's files in the United States Department of State and the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office; from these they discovered that Marut attempted to travel from Europe, via Britain, to Canada in 1923, but was turned back from that country. His other aliases include Hal Croves, Traven Torsvan and Ret Marut. Traven's solidarity with the proletariat would also be understandable, in opposition to his relationship with a great industrialist, which he, as an illegitimate son, was not supposed to have. [13], This seemed at first to be the definitive solution to the riddle of the writer's biography – B. Traven was, as he always claimed himself, an American, not the German Ret Marut. B. Traven, also called Berick Traven Torsvan, or Ret Marut, (born March 5, 1890?, Chicago?, Ill., U.S.—died March 27, 1969, Mexico City, Mex. Instead, an anarchist element of rebellion often lies at the centre of the novel's action. He received Mexican citizenship on 3 September 1951. Despite this, Traven's books are par excellence political works. Marut obtained these manuscripts from him (probably by trickery), translated them into German, added some elements of his own anarchist views and sent them, pretending that they were his own, to the German publisher.[13]. However, the 'solution' proved fleeting: some time after Croves' death,[34] his widow gave another press announcement in which she claimed that her husband had authorized her to reveal the whole truth about his life, including facts that he had omitted from his will. The first entry is from 11 July 1924, and on 26 July the following significant sentence appeared in the notebook: "The Bavarian of Munich is dead". Dec 16, 16. B. Traven in Mexico is also connected with the names of Berick Traven Torsvan and Hal Croves, both of whom appeared and acted in different periods of the writer's life. Later she also translated seven other novels of his. In December 1920 Gale had even published an article in his magazine inviting revolutionaries to come. - The New York Times. B. Traven (1882-1969) was a pen name of the most engimatic writer of the twentieth century. Some of the most common hypotheses, apart from those already mentioned, are presented below: Ret Marut mug shot taken in London (1923); Marut is the most popular candidate for Traven's true identity. 1 [13], Many biographers of Traven repeat the thesis that the director John Huston was also convinced that Croves was Traven. Esperanza López Mateos had been cooperating with B. Traven since at least 1941 when she translated his first novel The Bridge in the Jungle into Spanish. The National Archives of the UK; Kew, Surrey, England; Board of Trade: Commercial and Statistical Department and successors: Inwards Passenger Lists. Follow to get new release updates and improved recommendations. In 2008 Jan-Christoph Hauschild did research in German archives and confirmed the authenticity of the family memories. The results of their research were published in a documentary broadcast by the BBC on 19 December 1978 and in Wyatt's book The Man who Was B. Traven (U.S. title The Secret of the Sierra Madre),[17] which appeared in 1980. The commercial success of the novel The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, published in English by Knopf in 1935, induced the Hollywood production company Warner Bros. to buy the film rights in 1941. . [1], Virtually every detail of Traven's life has been disputed and hotly debated. Many journalists tried to get to Croves' home in Mexico City; but only very few were admitted to him by Rosa, who guarded the privacy of her already very aged, half blind and half deaf husband. Tapio Helen points out that the adoption of such a version of the writer's biography would be very difficult to reconcile with the many Americanisms in his works and the general spirit of American culture pervading them; these must be proof of at least a long life of the writer in the American environment which was not the case in Feige's or Marut's biography. [31] On 10 October 1959, Traves Torsvan arrived in Houston, Texas, from Mexico on a KLM airlines flight accompanied by his wife Rosa E. Torsvan, presumably Rosa Elena Luján. Government is the first installment of B. Traven's legendary Jungle Novels, a series of six books detailing the oppression and subsequent uprising of the Mexican Revolution.The story follows Don Gabriel, a bureaucratic official in an isolated government outpost in a remote village. After the proclamation of the Bavarian Soviet Republic in Munich in 1919, Ret Marut was made director of the press division and member of the propaganda committee of this anarchist Schein-Räterepublik (Fake-Soviet Republic), as the communists under Eugen Leviné, who took over after a week, called it. After working as a mechanic in Magdeburg, Feige became (summer 1906) head of the metal workers' union in Gelsenkirchen. Traven's books were forbidden in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945, and the author transferred the publication rights to the branch of Büchergilde in Zurich, Switzerland, where the publishers also emigrated. There's a problem loading this menu right now. [13], The media publicity that accompanied the premiere of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre and the aura of mystery surrounding the author of the literary original of the film (rumour had it that Life magazine offered a reward of $5,000 for finding the real B. Traven)[30] induced a Mexican journalist named Luis Spota to try to find Hal Croves, who disappeared after the end of the shooting of the film in the summer of 1947. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (English and German Edition) by B. Traven | Jan 1, 1980. Download Ebook Macario B Traven Macario by B. Traven - Goodreads Macario is a 1960 Mexican supernatural drama film directed by Roberto Gavaldón and starring Ignacio López Tarso and Pina Pellicer. [original research? B. Traven (1882-1969) was a pen name of the most engimatic writer of the twentieth century. "B. Traven is coming to be recognized as one of the narrative masters of the twentieth century." All this may explain why Traven always claimed to be American and denied any connections with Germany; a warrant, in the German Reich, had been out for Ret Marut's arrest since 1919. The book, published by Büchergilde Gutenberg like his other works, contained 64 pages of photographs taken by B. Traven himself. He then gave the name in an article in the French newspaper "Libération". [7][9], Apart from his twelve novels, B. Traven also authored many short stories, some of which remain unpublished. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre: A Novel, ( A short biography of the writer and anarchist, B Traven, also known as Feige, Ret Marut, Torsvan, Croves... B. TRAVEN – AN ANTI-BIOGRAPHY "An author should have no other biography than his books. This excitement was partly fuelled by Warner Bros. itself; American newspapers wrote at length about a mysterious author who took part incognito in the filming of the film based on his own book. From CrimethInc. Mitteilung der Walther-Rathenau-Gesellschaft | Nr. Neither the European nor the American publishers of the writer ever met him personally or, at least, the people with whom they negotiated the publication and later also the filming of his books always maintained they were only Traven's literary agents; the identity of the writer himself was to be kept secret. Wieder, as an employee of the Büchergilde Gutenberg book club, had already been cooperating with the writer since 1933. "The Jungle Novels constitute one of the richest portraits of revolution in all literature. The book was in turn adapted for film as Macario. He showed a lively interest in Mexican culture and history, following summer courses on the Spanish, Nahuatl and Mayan languages, the history of Latin American literature and the history of Mexico at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in the years 1927 and 1928. The action of the book is again set in Mexico, and its main characters are a group of American adventurers and gold seekers. [39] Traven is therefore not, as other theories suggest, son of a fisherman, a farmer or a theater impresario. In reply to this, Torsvan published a denial in the newspaper Hoy on 14 August. ), novelist noted as a writer of adventure stories and as a chronicler of rural life in Mexico. This theory is not widely accepted. 24 Both, however, denied being Traven and claimed that they were his literary agents only, representing him in contacts with his publishers. In his presentation of oppression and exploitation, Traven did not limit himself to the criticism of capitalism; in the centre of his interest there were rather racial persecutions of Mexican Indians. Author: b. traven. The New York Times, From the enigmatic author of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, comes The Carreta, the second volume in B. Traven's epic multi-volume "Jungle Novel" series.An astonishing portrait of Mexican life in the early twentieth century, the story follows a young Indian named Andres Ugalde as he struggles to break free of debt slavery around the time of the Revolution. ), novelist noted as a writer of adventure stories and as … [9] The consulate officials did not take this story seriously, especially as they also received the other version of Marut's biography from the London police, about his birth in Schwiebus, which he had presented during the interrogation. However, according to Huston, Croves played a double game during the shooting of The Treasure of the Sierra Madre. It has not been translated into English. 46 . He … These materials include train tickets and banknotes from different East-Central European countries, possibly keepsakes Ret Marut retained after his escape from Germany following the failed revolution in Bavaria in 1919.

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